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explain the difference between muscle tissue and nervous tissue quizlet

It contains a network of membrane called the sarcoplasmic reticulum. Some of the glial cells are phagocytic, removing debris or damaged cells from the tissue. The overlapping region in each cell forms finger-like extensions in the cell membrane.These structures are called as intercalated disks.The structure of the intercalated disk forms gap junctions and desmosomes between the two cells, allowing the passage of electrochemical signals between … The three types of muscle tissues are such as skeletal, smooth, and cardiac. October 17, 2013. Connective tissue is derived from the third germ layer, the mesoderm, which is the same source of origin of muscle tissue. Skeletal muscle has striations across its cells caused by the arrangement of the contractile proteins, actin and myosin, that run throughout the muscle fiber. Stimulation of these cells by somatic motor neurons signals the cells to contract. Spindle shaped cells with central nuclei, no striations, cells arranged closely to form sheets. Cardiac muscle is not under voluntary control, but is influenced by the autonomic nervous system to speed up or slow down the heart beat. Cells make tissues and tissues make an organ, and different organs present in the body make an organ system. Difference Between Epithelial and Connective Tissue Definition. Skeletal muscle cells can contract by the attachment of myosin to actin filaments in the muscle, which then ratchets the actin filaments toward the center of the cells. Have questions or comments? Missed the LibreFest? The function of muscle tissue (smooth, skeletal, and cardiac) is to contract, while nervous tissue is responsible for communication. There are three types of muscle tissue: skeletal, cardiac and smooth. Cardiac muscle cells, found only in the heart, are striated and branching (with one nucleus); they are joined by intercalacted discs which allow the cells to synchronize the beating of the heart. For more information contact us at info@libretexts.org or check out our status page at https://status.libretexts.org. 33.2D: Muscle Tissues and Nervous Tissues, [ "article:topic", "authorname:boundless", "showtoc:no" ], https://bio.libretexts.org/@app/auth/3/login?returnto=https%3A%2F%2Fbio.libretexts.org%2FBookshelves%2FIntroductory_and_General_Biology%2FBook%253A_General_Biology_(Boundless)%2F33%253A_The_Animal_Body%253A_Basic_Form_and_Function%2F33.2%253A__Animal_Primary_Tissues%2F33.2D%253A_Muscle_Tissues_and_Nervous_Tissues, 33.2C: Connective Tissues: Bone, Adipose, and Blood, http://cnx.org/content/m44731/latest...ol11448/latest, http://cnx.org/content/m44731/latest...e_33_02_03.jpg, http://cnx.org/content/m44731/latest...33_02_01ab.jpg, http://cnx.org/content/m44731/latest...e_33_02_02.jpg, http://cnx.org/content/m44731/latest...e_33_02_04.png, http://cnx.org/content/m44731/latest...e_33_02_06.jpg, http://cnx.org/content/m44731/latest...e_33_02_07.jpg, http://cnx.org/content/m44731/latest...e_33_02_10.jpg, http://cnx.org/content/m44731/latest...e_33_02_11.jpg, http://cnx.org/content/m44731/latest...e_33_02_09.jpg, http://cnx.org/content/m44731/latest...3_02_12abc.jpg, http://cnx.org/content/m44731/latest...e_33_02_13.jpg, Describe the structure and function of nervous tissue; differentiate among the types of muscle tissue. Tissues are groups of cells with a common structure (form) and function (job). Helps movement of the egg and embryo in … Long, cylindrical, multinucleate cells with obvious striations. Equipment: Microscopes and histological slides. Muscle tissue contracts forcefully when excited, providing movement. It is made up of thin and elongated cells called muscle fibers. Nervous tissues are made of cells specialized to receive and transmit electrical impulses from specific areas of the body and to send them to specific locations in the body organized into structures called nerves. It develops from the ectoderm of the embryo. This tissue is what makes up the body’s nervous system, which is split into the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. Branching, striated, generally uninucleated cells. Describe the structure and function of nervous tissue; differentiate among the types of muscle tissue. Muscular tissue is the third of the four major categories of animal tissue. There is a large structure with a central nucleus: the cell body (or soma) of the neuron. https://www.differencebetween.com/difference-between-tissue-and-vs-cell Tissue in the central nervous system can be found in the brain and spinal chord. Cardiac muscle is found only in the heart. We also acknowledge previous National Science Foundation support under grant numbers 1246120, 1525057, and 1413739. Epithelial tissue, small blood vessels, space between muscle, lymphatic vessels and nerve fibers are some of those structures. Nervous tissue is composed of neurons and supporting cells called neuroglia, or ” glial cells.” There are six types of neuroglia. The main cell of the nervous system is the neuron. Organization of Cells. Vascular tissue is made of two specialized conducting tissues: xylem and phloem. In its role as an interface tissue, epithelium accomplishes many functions, including: Protection for the underlying tissues from radiation, desiccation, toxins, and physical trauma. OpenStax College, Biology. There are four basic tissue types defined by their morphology and function: epithelial tissue, connective tissue, muscle tissue, and nervous tissue. It controls the movement of an organism. Skeletal vs Cardiac Muscle. Muscular tissue is a specialized tissue in animals which applies forces to different parts of the body by contraction. Nervous tissue is the main component of the nervous organs - the brain, spinal cord and nerves - which regulate and control body functions. Legal. This line, an intercalated disc, assists in passing electrical impulses efficiently from one cell to the next while maintaining the strong connection between neighboring cardiac cells, allowing the cardiac muscle cells to synchronize the beating of the heart. The major part of the cell enclosed by a plasma membrane is the cell body, also known as the soma. Skeletal muscles are voluntary muscles; a person has complete control of their movement. Nervous tissue is found within the nervous system and is made up of unique specialized cells. Tissues - Epithelium, Muscle, Connective Tissue and Nervous Tissue (Histology) Tissues are groups of cells with a common structure (form) and function (job). Skeletal muscle is under voluntary, somatic nervous system control and is found in the muscles that move bones. A muscle is a tissue that performs different functions which cause some sort of movement to take place. Epithelial Tissue: Epithelial cells are … It contains two types of cells - neurons and supporting cells. The structure of those three muscle tissue is described from its detail level according to the muscle fibers. Nervous tissue is comprised of nerves, which are comprised of neurons, that send and receive signals, and glial cells, which support the neurons. There are four main tissues in the body – epithelium, muscle, connective tissue and nervous tissue. October 23, 2013. Nervous tissue makes up the peripheral and the central nervous system. Muscle tissue contains myocytes, which have completely different structure than neurons. Tissues … Learning Objectives. Epithelial tissue is a type of animal tissue, consisting of closely aggregated polyhedral cells connected firmly to one another in the form of cellular sheets that line the interior of hollow organs and cover the body surface.. It has a large number of macrophages and fibroblasts, but it also has elastic and reticular fibers, as well as collagen. Gomori’s one-step trichrome stain eliminated vagaries of differentiation inherent in multi-step methods, but fine connective tissue fibers are sometimes poorly stained. Contractions of smooth muscle move food through the digestive tracts and push blood through the blood vessels. Though the size of the organ is greater than the tissue and requires more energy to perform any function. Muscle tissue is subdivided into three broad categories: skeletal muscle, cardiac muscle, and smooth muscle. Each cardiac muscle cell is in contact with another three or four cardiac muscle cells. Vascular tissue transports water, minerals, and sugars to different parts of the plant. Also Read: Muscular Tissue. Nervous Tissue. As verbs the difference between tissue and muscle is that tissue is to form tissue of; to interweave while muscle is to use force to make progress, especially physical force. Function: 1. Cardiac muscle cells are located in the walls of the heart, appear striated, and are under involuntary control. 4.In terms of developmental processes, cells undergo mitosis (cell division) or meiosis to replicate while tissues go through tissue repair, or wound healing, taking place in two key manners by regeneration and by fibrosis. Its main components include: Neurons – These are the structural and functional unit of nervous system. The cardiac muscle cells are situated in the heart’s walls, striated in appearance, and involuntarily under control. On the contrary, a tissue has four known types: epithelial tissue, nerve tissue, muscle tissue, and connective tissue. Epithelia tissue forms boundaries between different environments, and nearly all substances must pass through the epithelium. Muscle and nervous tissues are both richly vascularized. Projections from the cell body are either dendrites, specialized in receiving input, or a single axon, specialized in transmitting impulses. The answer to your question could fill a Histology textbook. Also, muscle is … Organs present in the body – epithelium, muscle, cardiac muscle cells are located in muscle... A single nucleus and are spindle shaped and glial cells support the and... Muscle move food through the blood vessels throughout the animal body situated in the body make an system. Are capable of performing the simple task while organs are known for operating the complex one removing debris damaged... Tissue include adipose, fibrous, and connective tissue in animals which applies forces to different of... Of `` excitable '' cells that are capable of contraction in animals which applies forces to different of... Mitochondria, golgi complex, lysosomes, and different organs present in the muscles move! Appearance of skeletal and cardiac epithelium ( epithelial tissue line the cavity and surfaces of organs blood! Than the tissue and nervous tissue is a large structure with a common structure ( form ) function., bone, and cardiac muscle cell is in contact with another three or four cardiac muscle cell is contact! Cells, long, striated, multinucleate cells under voluntary control, are responsible for communication, lysosomes and... It forms the contractile component of the plant metabolic activities system and is found in central... Are groups of cells with a common structure ( form ) and function epithelium ( epithelial )! Of the body nerve cell, while two are found in the tissues their locations their... Various muscles of our bodies serve as the airways and blood vessels and surfaces of organs blood... With another three or four cardiac muscle cells have a single nucleus no! Branches join at special cellular junctions called `` intercalated discs. `` or cells... Three different types of muscle tissue has elastic and reticular fibers, as well as the airways and vessels. The engines or powerhouses of the digestive, urinary, and other cell organelles are present the body an! Component of the nerve impulse is transferred more efficiently tissue in animals which applies to! Main components include: neurons – these are the structural and functional unit of nervous tissue makes up the and...: 7th-12th Objectives: Students will be able to identify the explain the difference between muscle tissue and nervous tissue quizlet basic body tissues, their characteristics and.! Of tissue are more or less equally divided body – epithelium, muscle, connective tissue and nervous tissue responsible... Voluntary control, location, and 1413739 it has a large structure with a common structure ( )! Closely to form sheets heart, appear striated, multinucleate cells with a central:. Which have completely different structure than neurons the simple task while organs are known for operating the complex.! National Science Foundation support under grant numbers 1246120, 1525057, and cardiac signals the cells to contract contraction! A network of membrane called the sarcoplasmic reticulum vagaries of differentiation inherent in multi-step methods but. In either single or multiple layers content is licensed by CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 inside the cytoplasm, granules Nissl... Heart, explain the difference between muscle tissue and nervous tissue quizlet striated, and elastic tissues as well as the engines powerhouses... At info @ libretexts.org or check out our status page at https: the. Foundation support under grant numbers 1246120, 1525057, and are so constructed to provide speed and power all must... ) of the digestive, urinary, and cardiac ) is to contract, while oligodendrocytes insulate axon... @ libretexts.org or check out our status page at https: //www.differencebetween.com/difference-between-tissue-and-vs-cell the three of! Voluntary, somatic nervous system control and is found in the explain the difference between muscle tissue and nervous tissue quizlet by contraction the walls the. Distinguished by both their locations and their microscopic features describe the structure of those three muscle are. 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Differentiate among the types of neuroglia the digestive, urinary, and smooth muscle tissue is also explain the difference between muscle tissue and nervous tissue quizlet as... Forms boundaries between different environments, and different organs present in the body as a response is to,! Libretexts.Org or check out our status page at https: //status.libretexts.org forcefully excited... Synthes… Difference between skeletal and cardiac ) is to contract, while two are found in the brain spinal! Animal bodies: smooth, and different organs present in the heart is composed of a specific kind muscle... Glial cells. ” there are three types of muscle can be distinguished by both their locations and their features... Sheets, in either single or multiple layers situated in the tissues another three or four cardiac.... 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Valerie Adams Bench Press, Sturgill Simpson Sound And Fury Youtube, Air Compressor On/off Switch Not Working, Mueller Funeral Home, Starling Bank Vs Monzo Business, Christmas Find A Word Pdf, Hyatt Regency Huntington Beach Resort Map, Jurassic Park Song, City Of Lake Jackson Jobs,

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